Poultry farming is a wide industry. Basically, there are two types of farming you can choose from – broilers and layers. Broilers are chicken that you raise for meat. Layers are chicken that you raise for eggs. Then, there is the business of incubating eggs and raising chicks.
Usually chicken farming business operates in multiple sectors. So, decide if you want to operate in all sectors or you want to restrict your business to just one or two sectors of your choice especially in the beginning.
Following are the niches you can choose from.
Meat production (Broilers breeding)
Egg production (Layers breeding)
Poultry feed production
Chicken breeding (Hatchery)
Egg and meat processing
If you are ready to get started in poultry farming in Africa, these are the basic requirements you need to set up your farm.
The no 1 thing you need to get right in poultry farming in Africa island. A plot of land of 120 x 60 square meters is okay for setting up a medium scale poultry farm in Africa, at least for a start. Once you have land that is big enough for your farm set up, almost half of your needs have been taken care of. The land is the hardest and the most expensive part of the poultry business in Africa
Look for land in a rural area or in farms. There you will get lands cheaper, stays out of trouble, and do your production there, while your products will be transported to the urban area for sale. It will be good if you can get your own poultry farmland and build a permanent farm rather than rent it. When you rent, the owner might decide to send you packing, and relocating always comes with huge costs.
This is the second most important part of your chicken farming in Kenya set up and it is not as expensive as buying or acquiring land. There are so many ways you can build the birds’ house but make sure that the sizes of the building is spacious enough for the chicken to run around. The house should be constructed in a way that you will be able to control the ventilation and air movement.
When planning out your chicken house, always remember that space is very important. Don’t compromise on this to avoid frequent loss of your birds through suffocation and contamination.
Day Old Chicks:
This is where the chicken farming in Africa business starts. Buy chicks from chicken hatchery that mainly deals with the supplying of different species of day-old chickens. It’s better to buy from the hatchery, Chicken hatcheries usually produce good quality of day-old chicks through the use of incubators. Raising hens from baby chicks requires you to check on them often during the first few weeks (Seven to nine weeks). It’s really fun to watch them turn from downy, fluffy little balls into feathered-out, gawky adolescent pullets.
In chicken farming in Africa, a chick does not have the ability to maintain its own body temperature without an external source of heat. Below are the outlines of taking care of chicks after you have gotten your chick, once those baby balls of fluff arrive home, you’ll want to have everything ready for them to settle into their brooder and stay warm and happy.
Plan to check on them at least five times a day during the first couple of weeks of life, and less after that. You’ll need to monitor their temperature, keep them safe from pets, predators and over-handling by children, keep their feed and water clean.
Make sure your baby chicks have everything they’ll need on the first day home. As they get older, you will use different feeders, but for the first week or two, plastic chick feeders like the ones you see above will make life a lot easier for you.
The light must be available at all times in your chicken farming in Africa set up to keep the chickens warm, especially during the rainy season. Look for a reliable source of power to supply your hen’s house with heat and light.
Chicks love to stomp in their feed, tip it over, and generally make a mess. They’re also not terribly smart and can eat quite a lot of shavings or bedding while they pick spilled feed off the floor. These feeders are perfect. They’re at the right height when placed on the brooder floor.
Caring for Your Growing Chickens
After the baby chick stage passes, you’ll have young pullets and cockerels and, once they turn one year old, hens and roosters. Some basic daily chores in this stage of poultry farming in Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Sudan involve keeping their food and water fresh and collecting eggs is the basis of ongoing chicken care, but you’ll want to make sure they’re protected from predators and stay healthy as well.