Growing Round Cabbage

How to Growing Round Cabbage Amazingly? (Best 7 Tips)

How to Grow Cabbage: Sow cabbage seeds a ½ inch deep spaced 1 inch (2.5cm) apart; thin plants to 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) apart.

CABBAGE GROWING PROCESS

How to Grow Cabbage: Sow cabbage seeds a ½ inch deep spaced 1 inch (2.5cm) apart; thin plants to 18 to 24 inches (45-61cm) apart.
Nursery management.
Varieties of Cabbage:
Types of Hybrids-
Gloria f1, fabiola f1, pretoria f1, blue dynasty f1, victoria f1, kiboko f1, quisor f1, tipelleo f1, zawadi f1,Tauras f1etc

NURSERY MANAGEMENT

Whatever you do, ensure that your nursery has fine soil free of stones,big soil lambs, roots, plastics etc. Make it one meter wide and the length is of the desired choice.
The spacing from row to row should be at least 15cm. The furrow for seed sowing should be 1-2cm deep.
Manure is added to the bed in the ratio of one wheel ballow of manure to two-wheel ballows of soil. Phosphorus fertilizer like DAP or Yara Mila power is also incorporated at a rate of 50gm(one palm full) per square meter.
Seed is dressed or dusted with a fungicide called apron star before sowing. This protects the seed from soil pests and diseases like dumping off.
When sowing seed, ensure seed is sown sparingly such that no seed lies on top of the other. Space them well for better germination and strong seedlings.
After sowing, cover the seed lightly with a one cm layer of fine soil, water deeply, covers with straw or grass well.
Monitor the moisture, never allow the first 5cm layer of soil in the nursery to dry completely.
On the 3-4th day, cabbage seeds would have germinated. Remove grass when 90% of the seedlings have germinated.
Then water when necessary because either little or too much water is disastrous to seedlings. So in your watering, strike a balance. Never allow the top layer to dry out completely.
Spray against diseases(fungicides such as Metalaxyl-M,)and pests(insecticides like cypermethrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, thiamethoxam, Imidacloprid, beta-cyfluthrin, etc) once a week.
After 3-4weeks, your seedlings will be ready for transplant.

THE MAIN GARDEN:

SOIL: sandy, sandy loamy, loamy are the best soils, though clay soils equally work well with manure addition. I
Land should be prepared so well free from stones, stumps, plastics, roots, etc.
Plowing should be deeply done because cabbage roots can penetrate deep.
Irrigate the field to capacity before transplanting,
Spacing is either 45×45cm(approx 19900 heads per acre), 50*50 cm(approx 16000heads per acre), 60*45cm(approx 15000heads per acre) or 60*60cm(approx 11000heads per acre) depending on the plant type, vigor and size of head required. The wider the spacing, the bigger the cabbage head and vice versa. Ask seed supplier for details.
Note: 1 foot =30cm
After transplanting, irrigate daily for the first one week for proper seedling establishment esp in a dry spell. . Transplant either in morning or evening hours, avoid hot hours. Thereafter, irrigate adequately once a week until head formation. At head, formation irrigate consistently and adequately twice a week. Avoid “start-stop” watering regimes, irrigating this way compromises on head size and even makes cabbage heads susceptible to cracking. At transplant, please ensure that you plant the seedling upright not in J-form. If planted in J-form, the head will be so small.
Manure- 8-10tn/acre is needed. It’s a very good soil conditioner. Applied either before or when transplanting.

Fertilizer:

Phosphorus is essential for proper root establishment (DAP/Yaramila power) applied at the transplant stage.(100-200kg/acre). each plant is given 10gms of DAP, or tablespoonful.
A nitrogenous fertilizer like CAN/NITROBER/Sulfan is applied two weeks from transplant to enable the proper formation of leaves and stems.(1st top dress)(100-200kg/acre)(10grms per plant equivalent to tablespoonful)
Two-three weeks after the 1st topdress, a second top dress is done by applying CAN/Nitrabor/Sulfan fertiliser.(100-150kg/acre)10 gram per plant.
This aids proper head formation.
Dont forget foliar fertilizers which are sprayed along with fungicides and pesticides.
One week from transplant, apply starter forliar fertilizers like easy grow starter, polyfeed starter, easy crop starter, gatit starter, wuxal etc.
Spray vegetative forliars at a vegetative stage like easy grow vegetative, digrow green, poly feed veg, wuxal, etc

Pest and disease control:

Ensure you scout for pests and diseases daily and act immediately you see any sign of attack.
Spray once a week.
Alternate preventive ( mancozeb+copper) and curative fungicides(fungocil,mistress, sphynix extra, milraz, ridomil gold, absolute etc)
Also alternate contact(cypermethrine,tafgor,lambdacyhalothrin etc)and systemic(Engeo/Bash/striker/,dursban, dudu acelamectin,thunder, Tihan, etc) pesticides for better results.
When wet weather becomes persistent, reduce on spray interval ie from 7days to 5days and add a sticking agent like aquawet or integra in your spray mixture. This agent enables your mixture to stick to the plant even in rain conditions.
Mulch your garden. This improves on your yields seriously by minimising on disease attacks on your crop and conserving water.
An acre can accommodate at least 10000 heads of cabbage, with proper management you can produce cabbages weighing 3-6 KGS.

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